Lowering BP reduces health risks at all weight levels
Data from the Perindopril Protection Against Recurrent Stroke Study showed lowering blood pressure reduced the risk of vascular disease and stroke among patients of all body weights. Overweight and obese patients, however, have a greater baseline cardiovascular risk, so they saw the biggest benefit of all study participants, researchers said. Medscape (free registration)/Heartwire (3/12)
Key results from a landmark federal study are in, and the results are disappointing for diabetics: Adding drugs to drive blood pressure and blood-fats lower than current targets did not prevent heart problems, and in some cases caused harmful side effects.
A decade ago, the federal government launched the three-part study to see whether intensely lowering blood sugar, blood pressure, or fats in the blood would reduce heart attacks and strokes in diabetics. The first piece of the study – about blood sugar – was stopped two years ago, when researchers saw more instead of less risk with that approach. Now, the other two parts of the study are in.
Psoriasis is a risk factor for heart attack, stroke
Psoriasis may raise the risk of heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular problems, likely through a shared inflammatory response, Danish researchers told a cardiology conference. Study data showed severe psoriasis raised the risk of a heart attack by 24%, and having moderate or severe disease increased the odds of a stroke by 45%. HealthDay News
Variable blood pressure raises risk of stroke
Patients with variable blood pressure readings may be six times more likely to have a stroke compared with people who have regularly high blood pressure, study data showed. European researchers said that blood pressure treatment guidelines may need to be revised and that the number of people treated for hypertension could double. The Washington Post/The Associated Press (3/12)
Family history is key in stroke risk, study finds
U.S. researchers found that children of men or women who had a stroke by age 65 had a fourfold increased risk of stroke by that age and double the risk of stroke at any age. The lead researcher said people with a positive family history of stroke should work to modify risk from other factors, such as good blood pressure control, exercise and maintaining a healthy weight. HealthDay News (3/8)
Editor’s note: Are these finding extendable to a myriad of other conditions? Experience would indicate that it is. See http://www.leapfroggroup.org for additional information.
Patients fare better when hospitals use stroke protocol
Stroke patients taken to hospitals that follow specific treatment protocols had a 10% better chance at survival, study data found. Researchers analyzed 1 million patients treated at hospitals in the “Get With The Guidelines” program that includes seven specific steps for treating stroke patients. HealthDay News (2/22)
WASHINGTON – One in four people who have a stroke will likely die within one year from any cause and 8 percent who have a stroke will have another one soon, U.S. researchers said on Monday.
The risks were higher for African-Americans compared to whites and increased with age and the number of other ailments stroke patients had, the researchers wrote in the journal Neurology.
High blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, smoking and a prior stroke are the biggest risk factors for stroke, the third leading cause of death in the United States, according to the CDC.
“While exact projections are difficult to establish, data from the Framingham Heart Study and the NHANES II indicate that even small improvements in blood pressure control can have a major impact on public health. Lowering the DBP by only 2 mmHg could result in a 6 percent reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease, and a 15 percent reduction in the risk of stroke and transient ischemic attacks.13 <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=hstechrev&part=A24909#A24922> Moreover, in individuals with a SBP of 140–159 mmHg and/or a DBP of 90–99 mmHg, a sustained 12 mm reduction in SBP for a period of 10 years has been estimated to prevent one death among every 11 patients treated.1 <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=hstechrev&part=A24909#A24910> “
Vitamin D is an essential vitamin mostly obtained from direct sunlight exposure, but also found in foods and multivitamins.
Dr. Annamari Kilkkinen, at the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki, Finland, and colleagues compared blood levels of vitamin D and deaths from heart disease or stroke over time in 2,817 men and 3,402 women in Finland.
During follow-up of about 27 years on average, 640 of the participants (358 men) died from heart disease and another 293 (122 men) died from stroke.